Minor Jewish Holidays

MINOR JEWISH HOLIDAYS are described as such because they are not designated in the first five books of the Scriptures. These holidays commemorate various events throughout the history of the Jewish people and are to remind the celebrants of God’s hand in all events

NAME Pronunciation English Name* Date** Duration Purpose Scripture Reference
Celebration: 1. Community 2. Synagogue 3. Home
Messianic Significance
TISHA B' AV Tee-shuh-buh-AHV The Ninth of Av Aug 2/Av, 9 1 day The day on which, according to tradition, the First Temple was destroyed.

Tradition assigns these other sorrowful occurrences in Jewish history to this day:

Moses broke the tablets of the Law upon seeing the people worshipping the Golden Calf. God determined that the people freed from slavery in Egypt would not be allowed to enter the Promised Land due to rebelliousness. The Second Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 A.D. The Jewish community in Spain was expelled in 1492.
Jeremiah 52:12-13

Date given as 10 th )

A time of national mourning. On the Ninth of Av, the person does not eat from sunset to the nightfall of the following day.

(In Israel ) mourning and weeping in prayer at the Wailing Wall (the only portion of the Temple wall still standing). Reading from the book of Lamentations in a dirge-like chant. Worshippers in Orthodox synagogues remove shoes and sit on low stools or on the floor as a symbol of mourning. The meal before the fast includes eggs, which are often symbolic of mourning.
The holidays look forward to the one who would be the Temple made without hands. (Matt. 12:6, Mark 14:58 , John 2:19, 21.)

Promise by God that these days will become feast days at the establishment of His Kingdom. (Zechariah 8:19f).
The SEVENTEENTH OF TAMMUZ Tah-MOOZ July 12/Tammuz, 17 1 day The day on which, according to tradition, Nebuchadnezzar's army broke the walls of Jerusalem . Jeremiah 39:2

(Date given as 9 th )

A time of national mourning. The fast lasts from sunrise to the nightfall of the same day.
The holidays look forward to the one who would be the Temple made without hands. (Matt. 12:6, Mark 14:58 , John 2:19, 21.)

Promise by God that these days will become feast days at the establishment of His Kingdom. (Zechariah 8:19f).
ASARAH B'TEVET Ah-sah-rah-buh TAY-VAHT The tenth of Tevet Jan 9/Tevet, 10 1 day The day on which, according to tradition, Nebuchadnezzar's laid siege on Jerusalem Zechariah 8:19

cf. 7:3,5

A time of national mourning. The fast lasts from sunrise to the nightfall of the same day.
The holidays look forward to the one who would be the Temple made without hands. (Matt. 12:6, Mark 14:58 , John 2:19, 21.)

Promise by God that these days will become feast days at the establishment of His Kingdom. (Zechariah 8:19f).
ZOM GEDALIAH Tsohm-guh-DAL-yuh Fast of Gedaliah Sept 14/Tishri, 3 1 day The day on which Gedeliah, the Babylonian appointed governor of Judah and his associates were assassinated. This precipitated the sending of the Babylonian army against Judah . Zechariah 8:19

cf. 7:3,5

A time of national mourning. The fast lasts from sunrise to the nightfall of the same day.
The holidays look forward to the one who would be the Temple made without hands. (Matt. 12:6, Mark 14:58 , John 2:19, 21.)

Promise by God that these days will become feast days at the establishment of His Kingdom. (Zechariah 8:19f).

* Av, Tammuz and Tevet are months on the Jewish lunar calendar.
** ON THE 1979 CALENDAR AND ON THE JEWISH CALENDAR