|Name ||TISH B’AV ||The SEVENTEENTH OF TAMMUZ ||ASARAH B’TEVET ||ZOM GEDALIAH |
|Meaning and Pronunciation ||(The Ninth of Av) pronounced Tee-shuh-buh-AHV||pronounced Tah-Mooz||(The Tenth of Tevet) pronounced Ah-sah-rah-buh-TAY-VAHT||(Fast of Gedaliah) pronounced Tsohm-guh-DAL-yuh|
|Date ||August 2 on the 2000 calendar and Av, 9 on the Jewish calendar||July 12 on the 2000 calendar and Tammuz, 17 on the Jewish calendar||January 9 on the 2000 calendar and Tevet, 10 on the Jewish calendar||September 24 on the 2000 calendar and Tishri, 3 on the Jewish calendar|
|Commemorates ||Commemorates the day on which, according to tradition, the first Temple was destroyed. Tradition assigns these other sorrowful occurrences in Jewish history to this day: 1. Moses broke the tablets of the Law upon seeing the people worshiping the Golden Calf. 2. God determined that the people freed from slavery in Egypt would not be allowed to enter the Promised Land due to rebelliousness. 3. The second Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed in AD 70. 4. The Jewish community in Spain was expelled in 1492.||Commemorates the day on which, according to tradition, Nebuchadnezzar’s army broke the walls of Jerusalem.||Commemorates the day on which, according to tradition, Nebuchadnezzar’s army laid siege on Jerusalem.||Commemorates the day on which Gedaliah, the Babylonian appointed governor of Judah and his associates were assassinated. This precipitated the sending of the Babylonian army against Judah.|
|Reference ||Jeremiah 52:12, 13 (Date given as 10th)||Jeremiah 39:2 (Date given as 9th)||Zechariah 8:19 (cf. 7:3, 5)||Zechariah 8:19 (cf. 7:3, 5)|
|Observance ||A time of national mourning. On the Ninth of Av, the person does not eat from sunset to the nightfall of the following day. |
- Community: (In Israel) mourning and weeping in prayer at the Wailing Wall (the only portion of the Temple wall still standing).
- Synagogues: Reading from the book of Lamentations in a dirge-like chant. Worshipers in Orthodox synagogues remove shoes and sit on low stools or on the floor as a symbol of mourning.
- Home: The meal before the fast includes eggs, which are often symbolic of mourning.
|A time of national mourning. The fast lasts from sunrise to the nightfall of the same day.||A time of national mourning. The fast lasts from sunrise to the nightfall of the same day.||A time of national mourning. The fast lasts from sunrise to the nightfall of the same day.|
|Messianic Significance ||We believe these holidays look forward to the One who would be the Temple made without hands (Matthew 12:6, Mark 14:58, John 2:19, 21) and that ultimately, these days will become feast days at the establishment of His Kingdom (Zechariah 8:19ff).|