Torah Prophets Writings
Hebrew Scripture promise or principle of blessing to the non-Jew All families of the earth were to be blessed through Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3) God commanded that the ger (alien) enter Israel’s Sabbath rest (Exodus 20:10;23:12;Deuteronomy 5:14) There was no distinction in obligation between the ger and Israel. Both shared in the blessings of God; both had responsibilities to God (Numbers 15:14-15) “The Gentiles (goyim) shall come to your light…” (Isaiah 60:3) God will show mercy upon one who had not obtained mercy and will say to them which were not His people, “You are my people,” and they shall say, “You are my God” (Hosea 2:23) Jonah preached to Gentile Nineveh, the city repented and God spared it (Jonah 3:10) Ruth, a loyal ger, was greatly blessed by God (Ruth 1:16-18;4:13,21,22) God’s glory to be declared among the nations (goyim) and His marvelous works among all peoples (ammim) (1 Chronicles 16:24) Gentiles will have a part in the Kingdom of God (Psalm 86:9) The Psalmist will sing praises with the nations—Jews and Gentiles together (Psalm 108:3) All the families of the nations will worship before the Lord (Psalm 22:27-28)
New Testament fulfillment or application The promise to Abraham was not only to his descendants, but to all those who would walk by faith (Romans 4:11-13,Galatians 3:8) Jesus invites all who are weary to come unto Him, and He will give rest (Matthew 11:28) God’s rest is for those who believe, whether Jew or Gentile (Hebrews 4:1-9) God does not give preference to those who received the law, but will judge according to the gospel (Romans 2:10-16) Simeon recognized Jesus as the light who would lighten the Gentiles (Luke 2:29,31) Those who were once strangers and aliens, far from God, have now drawn near through the blood of Christ (Ephesians 2:11-13) In contrast to Jonah, the early “Jews for Jesus” rejoiced because the Gentiles received the word of the Lord (Acts 15:3) Because Ruth was used to bring forth King David, she was also part of the lineage of King Messiah, Jesus (Matthew 1:6) Jesus commanded the Gospel be proclaimed to all nations (Matthew 28:19) The nations are fellow heirs of God’s promises through the Gospel (Ephesians 3:6) Jews and Gentiles are united by the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:13) Every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord (Philippians 2:9-11)