Jewish Resources | Learn | Glossary

Here is a collection of many commonly used “Jewish” words—both Hebrew and Yiddish—and anything else your Hebrew school teacher would be proud of you for knowing.

Tallit and Tzitzit

Yiddish words

challa: ceremonial Sabbath bread; egg bread
cheder: literally, one room school; a religious school for elementary-level Jewish children
drasha: sermon
goyim: gentiles
melamed: teacher
mikvah: ritual bath
minyan: quorum of at least ten men for prayer
mishegoss: nonsense
mitzvah: commandment, or righteous deed
Shabbos: Sabbath
shanda: shame
shiddach: match for a bride or groom
shul: synagogue
tallit: prayer shawl
tefillin: phylacteries