Jewish Resources | Learn | Glossary

Here is a collection of many commonly used “Jewish” words—both Hebrew and Yiddish—and anything else your Hebrew school teacher would be proud of you for knowing.

Mezuzah
Tallit and Tzitzit
Siddur

Yiddish words

challa: ceremonial Sabbath bread; egg bread
cheder: literally, one room school; a religious school for elementary-level Jewish children
drasha: sermon
goyim: gentiles
melamed: teacher
mikvah: ritual bath
minyan: quorum of at least ten men for prayer
mishegoss: nonsense
mitzvah: commandment, or righteous deed
Shabbos: Sabbath
shanda: shame
shiddach: match for a bride or groom
shul: synagogue
tallit: prayer shawl
tefillin: phylacteries