Bein ha-Metzarim

Meaning of Name

Hebrew (Bein ha-Metzarim): between the straits” or “in stress,” taken from Lamentations 1:3
Yiddish (Drei Vochen): “three weeks”

English Name

The Three Weeks (The second part of this period, from the 1st of Av onward, is known as the Nine Days.)

Calendar Month

June/July or July/August. In 2006, July 13 to August 3)

Jewish Calendar Date

17th of Tammuz to 9th of Av inclusive. From the 1st to the 9th of Av (the Nine Days), the mourning becomes more intense.


Three weeks


To commemorate the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem (586 BCE and 70 CE, respectively).


Since this period falls between the existing fast days, it naturally took on a character of semi-mourning. Throughout the centuries, various practices developed.

How Observed

Among observant Jews, mourning practices may include not buying or wearing new garments; abstention from shaving, bathing, and haircuts; not celebrating weddings; abstention from meat and wine. These practices are more usually observed during the Nine Days, from the 1st of Av onward.

Special Synagogue Readings

Jeremiah 1:1-2:3, 2:4-3:4 Isaiah 1:1-27

Traditional Folklore and Customs

This period is a time when evil spirits are said to be active. It is considered a bad time to enter a lawsuit before a non-Jewish court; also “Teachers should not beat their students during this time” (Shulchan Arukh 122:2 *).


*Edition of Solomon Ganzfried (New York: Hebrew Publishing Co., 1961).

Have Questions?

Connect with Jews for Jesus. Live ChatContact Jews for Jesus

My Account
Gift annuities, estate planning
Donate stocks, vehicles, etc.
Financial accountability, integrity

1. Gift Information
2. Gift Confirmation

Support Jewish Evangelism!

Jews for Jesus boldly proclaims the gospel to lost Jewish people around the world through:

  • Street Evangelism
  • Witnessing Campaigns
  • Gospel Literature
  • Secular Media Outreach
  • Online Evangelism
  • One-on-One Ministry

Together we can proclaim the gospel, encourage Jews and others to respond and make a difference for eternity, as we have faithfully done since 1973. Please make your gift below.


Privacy | Terms and Conditions
Questions and Phone Donations: (800) 366-5521
Mailing Address: Jews for Jesus, 60 Haight Street, San Francisco, CA 94102
© 2018 Jews for Jesus. All Rights Reserved