To the Jew First: A Biblical Analysis of the ‘Two-Covenant’ Theory of the Atonement
|Book Title:||To the Jew First: A Biblical Analysis of the ‘Two-Covenant’ Theory of the Atonement|
|Author:||Joseph P. Gudel|
|Date Published:||July-September 1998|
The two-covenant theory has circulated for some years among non-evangelicals and even among some conservative Christians. If you’ve ever been told that Jews don’t need Jesus because they “already have a covenant with God,” then you are hearing this theory of salvation, which was developed by Jewish philosopher Franz Rosenzweig early in this century. Gudel, a Lutheran pastor, summarizes the history of the theory and briefly surveys what Jewish and Christian proponents have written. Then he delves into a biblical analysis with an examination of passages such as Romans 1:16, 2:9, and Acts 13:46. He traces the missionary core of Christianity through Jesus, the apostles, and Paul. Gudel then suggests provocatively that promotion of the two-covenant theory is anti-Semitic. This article is lively and well-written, especially helpful if you’ve not heard of the two-covenant theory before now. If you can’t find the journal it appeared in, it’s available as a free PDF download from The Apple of His Eye Mission Society.
Scholar in Residence, Missionary
Rich Robinson is a veteran missionary and senior researcher at the San Francisco headquarters of Jews for Jesus. Rich has written several books on Jewishness and Jesus, and he received his Ph.D. in biblical studies and hermeneutics from Westminster Theological Seminary in 1993.