The (Jewish) writers of the New Testament asserted that the Old Testament spoke of a coming Messiah and quoted from it extensively to prove their point. Even Jesus himself – whom many Jewish people will declare to be a good rabbi and teacher – said to those who sat under his teaching, “How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Did not the Messiah have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?” And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself.” (Luke 24:25-27)
Since the first century, the issue of “messianic prophecy” has been a hot-button topic. Does Isaiah 53 speak of Israel, or of a Messiah? Did Isaiah really talk about a virgin giving birth? Did King David describe someone who would be “pierced” in Psalm 22? Or did the Christians misunderstand what the Hebrew Bible said, or even worse – did they deliberately distort things, or arrange events so that Jesus appeared to fulfill the prophecies?
In this section, we take a look at these issues.
Rock Be the firstborn over creation He will call to Me: “You are my Father, my God and the rock of my salvation.” I also will set him as firstborn— the highest of the kings of earth. —Psalm 89:27–28 (89:26–27 in English versions) He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all […]
Jews for Jesus has curated approximately 40 of the most helpful messianic prophecies along with their New Testament fulfillments.
The following listing contains only some of the many prophecies of the Messiah to be found in the Hebrew Bible. Deuteronomy 18 A Prophet Like Unto Moses by Moishe Rosen Isaiah 7:14 Almah: Virgin or Young Maiden? by Zhava Glaser The Promised Child by Efraim Goldstein Response to “The Fabulous Prophecies of the Messiah,” Part […]
Articles Hebrew Tenses
Offsite Links Did the Messianic Jewish Believers Use the Old Testament Deceitfully or Ignorantly in the New Testament? Three “Weird” Fulfillments in Matthew
A common argument raised against the virgin birth” and against the New Testament’s reference to Isaiah 7:14, is that the Hebrew word “almah” does not mean virgin, and Jews do not believe in such a thing as a virgin birth. Archaeological findings show that the Hebrew word “almah” refers to a virgin. The possibility of […]
Psalm 22:16 is one verse where the standard Jewish translations differ from the translations most Christians use. Here’s why. In Hebrew, the phrase they have pierced” is kaaru while “like a lion” is kaari. The words are identical except that “pierced” ends with the Hebrew letter vav and “lion” with yod. Vav and yod are […]
Sometimes it is claimed that the messianic prophecies cited by Christians are in the past tense. Therefore, it is said, they cannot refer to a future, coming Messiah. This is an invalid argument. There is no such thing as tense” in biblical Hebrew. (Modern Hebrew, on the other hand, does have tenses.) Biblical Hebrew is […]
The problem can be laid out in this way: According to the genealogy in Matthew 1:12, Jesus is a descendant of Jeconiah. But Jeconiah was cursed in Jeremiah 22:24 and 22:30: As surely as I live,” declares the LORD, “even if you, Jehoiachin son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, were a signet ring on my […]
Some say that Zechariah 12:10 refers to the Gentile nations who mourn because of the Jewish martyrs (or a particular unknown martyr) they have killed. Yet that is not the universal Jewish understanding. According to the views of some rabbis, two Messiahs would make their appearance: Messiah ben Joseph who would be slain in battle, […]
It’s commonly maintained that Isaiah 53 was never considered messianic by rabbis and Jewish sages. Sometimes the statement is phrased as, “Judaism teaches” that Isaiah 53 refers to the nation of Israel. The fact is that Isaiah 53 (more precisely, 52:13 to 53:12) has been interpreted in messianic terms by a wide variety of Jewish […]
Though some say that Psalm 2 is not considered messianic by the rabbis or Jewish sages, the Jewish messianic understanding of Psalm 2 has a long history. Some of the rabbinic sources which take a messianic interpretation of Psalm 2 are as follows: Babylonian Talmud, Sukkah 52a Our Rabbis taught, The Holy One, blessed be […]
Some claim that translating the word bar” (in Psalm 2:12) as “son” rather than as “purity” is a distortion of the Hebrew text in order to make the verse apply to Jesus. It is also claimed that this is not a Jewish interpretation of the verse. And finally, it is said that the word “bar” […]