A Chronological Look at How Jesus Spent his Last Week Leading up to Passover

Saturday and Sunday

Jesus drew near to Jerusalem,1 arriving at Bethany six days before Passover,2 on Saturday. Jesus was anointed at Simon the leper's house.3 On Sunday, a great crowd came to Bethany to see Jesus.4


The next day5 Jesus entered Jerusalem,6 visited the temple7 and returned to Bethany. It was Nisan 10, when the Passover lambs were selected. Likewise, the entry into Jerusalem was the day when Jesus presented himself as Israel's Paschal Lamb.


On the way from Bethany to Jerusalem, Jesus cursed the fig tree,8 and in Jerusalem he challenged the temple practice of selling on the premises.9 Some religious leaders began to plot ways to kill him. That evening Jesus left Jerusalem, presumably returning to Bethany.10


On the way to Jerusalem, the disciples saw the withered fig tree.11 At the temple in Jerusalem, Jesus' authority and wisdom was questioned by some religious leaders.12 That afternoon Jesus went to the Mount of Olives and delivered his discourse to those assembled.13 Two additional things occurred on that day: (1) Jesus predicted that in two days he would be crucified at the time of the Passover;14 and (2) Judas planned the betrayal of Jesus with some religious leaders.15


Jesus and his disciples prepared the Passover lamb,16 and they had their seder meal together.17 Jesus shared heartfelt words with his disciples and offered an intercessory prayer in their behalf.18 They arrived at the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus suffered in agony awaiting what was to come.19 Later that night Jesus was betrayed and arrested.20 He was tried first by Annas and later by Caiaphas and other religious leaders.21


Early in the morning, Jesus was tried by the Sanhedrin, Pilate, Herod Antipas, and Pilate again.22 He was led to the cross and crucified at 9 a.m. and died at 3 p.m. and was buried later that day.23 Jesus died at the time when the Passover lambs were being sacrificed.


Jesus' body was in the tomb during the Sabbath, and the Pharisees hired Roman guards to keep watch of the tomb.24


Christ was resurrected from the dead.25 His was the first of many resurrections to come, in which it was a type of first fruits offering. (First fruit offerings were made on the day after the Sabbath.)26

End Notes

  1. John 11:55
  2. John 12:1
  3. Matthew 26:6–13; Mark 14:3–9; John 12:1–8
  4. John 12:9–11
  5. John 12:12
  6. Matthew 21:1–9; Mark 11:1–10; Luke 19:28–40; John 12:12–19
  7. Matthew 21:10–11; Mark 11:11
  8. Matthew 21:18–19; Mark 11:12–14
  9. Matthew 21:12–13; Mark 11:15–17; Luke 19:45–46
  10. Mark 11:18–19; Luke 19:47–48
  11. Matthew 21:20–22; Mark 11:20–26
  12. Matthew 21:23–23:39; Mark 11:27–12:44; Luke 20:1–21:4
  13. Matthew 24:1–25:46; Mark 13:1–27; Luke 21:5–36
  14. Matthew 26:1–5; Mark 14:1–2; Luke 22:1–2
  15. Matthew 26:14–16; Mark 14:10–11; Luke 22:3–6
  16. Matthew 26:17–19; Mark 14:12–16; Luke 22:7–13
  17. Matthew 26:20–30; Mark 14:17–26; Luke 22:14–30
  18. Matthew 26:30–35; Mark 14:26–31; Luke 22:31–39; John 15:1–18:1
  19. Matthew 26:36–46; Mark 14:32–42; Luke 22:39–46; John 18:1
  20. Matthew 26:46–56; Mark 14:43–52; Luke 22:47–53; John 18:2–12
  21. Matthew 26:57–75; Mark 14:53–72; Luke 22:54–65; John 18:13–27
  22. Matthew 27:1–30; Mark 15:1–19; Luke 22:66–23:25; John 18:28–19:16
  23. Matthew 27:31–60; Mark 15:20–46; Luke 23:26–54; John 19:16–42
  24. Matthew 27:61–66; Mark 15:47; Luke 23:55–56
  25. Matthew 28:1–15; Mark 16:1–13; Luke 24:1–35
  26. Leviticus 23:9–14; 1 Corinthians 15:23

Adapted from Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ by Harold W. Hoehner. Copyright 1977 by The Zondervan Corporation; 1973, 1974 by Dallas Theological Seminary. Used by permission of The Zondervan Corporation.

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Where's the three days and nights in the tomb?

Marlene Thompson Sau

Really appreciate how well and in order this was stated. Scriptural references wonderful. Thank you and God bless


Really useful site awesome love it!!!
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