The Messianic Time Table According to Daniel the Prophet

More than any other book of the Hebrew Scriptures, the writings of the prophet Daniel confront us with evidence of the time of Messiah's coming—evidence that many people would rather not see. But it is there and cannot be ignored.

That Daniel was indeed a prophet is well substantiated. He accurately prophesied the rise of the Medo-Persian, Greek and Roman empires even at a time when the Babylonian Empire, which preceded them all, was at its height. He accurately predicted the fortunes, conflicts, wars and conspiracies of the two kingdoms of Syria and Egypt between the fracturing of the Greek Empire and the conquest by Rome. He prophesied the role of the Maccabees during this period. It is Daniel's detailed accuracy in his prophecies that has caused many critics to try to give a late date to the book of Daniel, although no evidence has been discovered that would negate the book's composition at the time that it claims to have been written. At the very latest, the book was completed around 530 B.C.E.

The purpose of this article is to discuss in some detail verses 24-27 of Daniel nine. However, it will be wise to survey the entire chapter in order to see what engendered the prophecy of when Messiah would come.

The Background

Daniel 9:1-2

The date for Daniel's prophesy is the first year of Darius," which means that it occurred in the year 539 B. C. E., about 66 or 67 years after the Jews initially went into exile to Babylonia.

It was on this occasion, Daniel stated, that he was studying the Scriptures; and from these Scriptures he came to understand that the number of years for the completion of the desolations of Jerusalem was almost over, since the duration was to be 70 years. Daniel mentioned that he was studying "books," and we can see for one that he had been studying the writings of Jeremiah; the lives of Jeremiah and Daniel did overlap to some extent. On two occasions (Jeremiah 25:10-14, 29:10-14) Jeremiah predicted that the captivity and desolation of Jerusalem would last 70 years. What other books Daniel may have been studying we cannot know with certainty. But there are some strong possibilities that he also studied the book of Isaiah, since Isaiah actually named Cyrus as the one who would permit the Jews to return (Isaiah 44:28-45:1). Furthermore, there are other writings in Moses and the Prophets that spelled out some specific conditions for the establishment of the messianic kingdom, and Daniel may have looked at some of these as well (Leviticus 26:40-43, 1 Kings 8:46-53, Jeremiah 3:12-18, Hosea 5:15-6:3). These passages emphasize that Israel as a nation must repent and confess sin prior to the establishment of any kingdom of the Messiah.

Reckoning the 70 years from the year 605 (when the Jews went into exile) would bring the end of the 70 years to 536 B.C.E. Daniel realized that the captivity had only about three years to go.

But Daniel not only expected the captivity to end after 70 years, he also expected a final termination of any possibility of future desolations for Jerusalem. He had acted as if the messianic kingdom were about to occur: since the Word of God was to be established on the basis of prayer, he prayed; and realizing that the prerequisite was the confession of national sin, he confessed the sins of Israel.

Daniel's Prayer

Daniel 9:3-19

Daniel's detailed prayer can be divided into two portions. The first (verses 3-14) is the confession of sin. Daniel acknowledged both sin and guilt, which had been incurred in two ways—first by disobedience to the Law of Moses, and secondly by disobedience to the prophets who came after Moses. Daniel neither denied the sin of his nation nor his own sin, and by the use of the pronoun "we," Daniel fully identified with all Jewish people in their sins. He did not see sin as merely a bad habit, but as something ingrained in the people that had brought on divine judgment. This disobedience to both the Law and the Prophets caused Israel "confusion of face," an idiom meaning a sense of shame. It also resulted in the need for forgiveness. Here Daniel confessed that to God belong forgiveness and mercy, and that forgiveness was needed. Daniel concluded the first part of his prayer by describing the punishment for sin and guilt. That punishment, captivity in Babylon, confirmed the words of the prophets who had predicted it and confirmed the Law of Moses, which taught that divine judgment would come as a result of disobedience.

The second part of the prayer (verses 15-19) is a plea for mercy. Daniel made his plea on the basis of righteousness—not Israel's, but God's righteousness. He also pleaded for mercy on the basis of God's grace, for Israel did not merit mercy; but the grace of God was (and is) able to extend it anyway. Furthermore, the righteousness of God required him to fulfill his promises, and therefore he should do so at the end of the 70-year period. The conclusion of Daniel's prayer is very dramatic: "O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God; because thy city and thy people are called by thy name."

The Arrival of Gabriel

Daniel 9:20-23

Then, while Daniel was presenting his supplications, he was interrupted. He apparently had intended to say more, when Gabriel arrived. The interruption came by the touch of the angel's hand, "about the time of the evening oblation." This refers to the daily, regular evening sacrifice that was offered while the temple stood. Although it had not been practiced for seven decades, Daniel showed his longing for the return from captivity and for the rebuilding of the temple by remembering the sacrifice.

Gabriel told Daniel that the purpose of his visit was (1) to correct Daniel's misunderstanding concerning when the messianic kingdom would be set up and (2) to present God's revelation, which contained a timetable for Messiah's coming.

The Decree of the 70 Sevens

Daniel 9:24a

Gabriel's prophecy to Daniel began with the words, "Seventy sevens are decreed upon thy people and upon thy holy city…"

Many English versions have translated the phrase to read "seventy weeks." But this translation is not totally accurate and has caused some confusion about the meaning of the passage. Most Jews know the Hebrew for "weeks" because of the observance of the Feast of Weeks, and that Hebrew word is shavuot. However, the word that appears in the Hebrew text is shavuim, which means "sevens." The word refers to a "seven" of anything, and the context determines the content of the seven.

Here it is obvious Daniel had been thinking in terms of years—specifically the 70 years of captivity. Daniel had assumed that the captivity would end after 70 years and that the kingdom would be established after 70 years. But here Gabriel was using a play upon words in the Hebrew text, pointing out that insofar as Messiah's kingdom was concerned, it was not "70 years," but "70 sevens of years," a total of 490 years (70 times seven).

This period of 490 years had been "decreed" over the Jewish people and over the holy city of Jerusalem. The Hebrew word translated "decreed" literally means "to cut off" or "to determine." In chapters 2, 7 and 8, God revealed to Daniel the course of future world history in which gentiles would have a dominant role over the Jewish people. This lengthy period, which began with the Babylonian Empire to continue until the establishment of Messiah's kingdom, is for that reason often referred to as the "Times of the Gentiles." Now the prophet was told that a total of 490 years was to be "cut out" of the Times of the Gentiles, and a 490-year period had been "determined" or "decreed" for the accomplishment of the final restoration of Israel and the establishment of Messiah's kingdom.

The focus of the program of the 70 sevens was "thy people and…thy holy city." The "people" were Daniel's people, the Jewish people, and the city was Daniel's city, Jerusalem. Though he had spent the vast majority of his life in the city of Babylon, Jerusalem was still Daniel's city. For Jews, whether they are in the land or outside the land, their city is always Jerusalem and not any other.

The Purpose of the 70 Sevens

Daniel 9:24b

Daniel was next told by Gabriel that the 70 sevens are to accomplish six purposes. The first is to finish transgression. The Hebrew word translated "to finish" means "to restrain firmly," "to restrain completely" or "to bring to completion." The Hebrew word translated "transgression" is a very strong word for sin and more literally means "to rebel." The Hebrew text has this word with the definite article, so literally it means "the transgression," or "the rebellion." The point is that some specific act of rebellion is finally going to be completely restrained and brought to an end. This act of rebellion or transgression is to come under complete control so that it will no longer flourish. Israel's apostasy is now to be firmly restrained, in keeping with a similar prediction in Isaiah 59:20.

The second purpose of the 70 sevens is to make an end of sins. The Hebrew word translated "to make an end" literally means "to seal up" or "to shut up in prison." It means to be securely kept, locked up, not allowed to roam at random. The Hebrew word translated as "sins" literally means "to miss the mark." It refers to sins of daily life, rather than to one specific sin. Even these sins are to be put to an end and taken away. This, too, is quite in keeping with predictions by the prophets that proclaim that in the messianic kingdom, sinning would cease from Israel (Isaiah 27:9, Ezekiel 36:25-27, 37:23, Jeremiah 31:31-34).

The third purpose is to make reconciliation for iniquity. The Hebrew word translated "to make reconciliation" is "kaphar," which has the same root meaning as the word "kippur," as in Yom Kippur. The word "kaphar" literally means "to make atonement." The third purpose, then, is to make atonement in some way for iniquity. In fact, it is by means of this atonement that the first two purposes will also be accomplished, that of finishing the transgression and making an end of sins. The word translated "iniquity" refers to inward sin. This has sometimes been referred to as the sin nature, or perhaps a more common term among Jewish people would be yetzer hara," the evil inclination."

The fourth purpose of the 70 sevens is to bring in everlasting righteousness. More literally this could be translated "to bring in an age of righteousness," since the Hebrew "olam" is better translated as "age" rather than as "everlasting." This age of righteousness is to be the messianic kingdom spoken of in the Prophets (Isaiah 1:26, 11:2-5, 32:17; Jeremiah 23:5-6, 33:15-18). It is this very age that Daniel had been expecting to see established after the 70 years of captivity, but now he is told that will only be after the 490-year period.

The fifth purpose is to seal up vision and prophecy. Here Daniel used a word which means "to shut up." So "to seal up" means to cause a cessation or to completely fulfill. Thus, vision and prophecy are to be completely fulfilled." Vision" is a reference to oral prophecy, while "prophecy" refers to written prophecy. Both oral and written prophecy will cease with the final fulfillment of all revelations.

The final purpose of the 70 sevens is to anoint the most holy. A better translation here would be "to anoint a most holy place." This is a reference to the Jewish temple which is to be rebuilt when Messiah comes. It refers to the same temple that Daniel's contemporary, Ezekiel, described in great detail (Ezekiel 40-48).

The Start of the 70 Sevens

Daniel 9:25a

Daniel was clearly told when the 70 sevens would begin their countdown. Gabriel said, "Know therefore and discern, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem.…" The 70 sevens would begin with a decree involving the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem. Not everything in Persian chronology is as clear as we would like to have it, and there are still some gaps in our knowledge of history. But from what biblical and historical records we do have, there are four possible answers to the question of which decree the passage refers to.

One is the decree of Cyrus, issued somewhere between 538-536 B.C.E., which concerned the rebuilding of the Temple (2 Chronicles 36:22-23, Ezra 1:1-4,6:1-5) and of the city of Jerusalem (Isaiah 44:28,45:13). Another option is the decree of Darius Hystaspes (Ezra 6:6-12), issued in the year 521 B.C.E.; it was a reaffirmation of the decree of Cyrus. A third possibility is the decree of Artaxerxes to Ezra (Ezra 7:11-26) issued in 458 B.C.E., which contained permission to proceed with the temple service. The last option is the decree of Artaxerxes to Nehemiah (Nehemiah 2:1-8), issued in the year 444 B.C.E. This decree specifically concerned the rebuilding of the walls around Jerusalem. Of these four possibilities, only the first and fourth are valid in fulfilling the wording Gabriel gave to Daniel. It goes beyond the purpose of this article to deal with the various arguments of either option, but one thing is certain: by the year 444 B.C.E., the countdown of the 70 sevens had begun.

The First 69 Sevens

Daniel 9:25b

The 70 sevens are divided into three separate units—seven sevens, 62 sevens and one seven. During the first time period (49 years) Jerusalem would be "built again, with street and moat, even in troublous times." The second block of time (62 sevens, a total of 434 years) immediately followed the first for a total of 69 sevens, or 483 years.

It is at this point that we are told what the ending point is of the 69 sevens: "unto Messiah the Prince." As clearly as Daniel could have stated it, he taught that 483 years after the decree to rebuild Jerusalem had been issued, Messiah would be here on earth.

The obvious conclusion is this: If Messiah was not on earth 483 years after a decree was issued to rebuild Jerusalem, then Daniel was a false prophet and his book has no business being in the Hebrew Scriptures. But if Daniel was correct and his prophecy was fulfilled, then who was the Messiah of whom he spoke?

The Events Between the 69th Seven and the 70th Seven

Daniel 9:26

Whereas the second subdivision of the 70 sevens was to immediately follow the first, the third subdivision was not immediately to follow the second. Daniel pointed out (in verse 26) that three things would occur after this second subdivision and before the third one.

Stepping back in time and looking ahead from Daniel's perspective in verse 26, we see first that "the Messiah shall be cut off and shall have nothing." The Hebrew word translated "cut off" is the common word used in the Mosaic Law and simply means "to be killed." The implication of the term is that the Messiah would not only be killed, but he would die a penal death by execution. The Hebrew expression translated "and shall have nothing" has two meanings. It may mean "nothingness," emphasizing Messiah's state at death. It can also be translated "but not for himself," and the meaning would then be that he died for others rather than for himself, a substitutionary death. The latter meaning would be much more consistent with what the Prophets had to say about the reason for Messiah's death (e.g. Isaiah 53:1-12). The first three purposes of the 70 sevens—to finish transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity—have to be accomplished by an atonement. The Law of Moses decreed that atonement is made by blood (Leviticus 17:11). It appears that Messiah's death "not for himself" but for others would be the means by which Israel's transgression, sins and iniquity would be atoned for. The point of this phrase is that between the end of the second subdivision (the 69th seven) and before the start of the 70th seven, Messiah would be killed and would die a penal, substitutionary death.

Secondly, during this interim period it would also happen that "the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood.…" The city and the temple that were to be rebuilt because of the decree by which the 70 sevens began would now be destroyed. So sometime after the Messiah was cut off, Jerusalem and the temple would suffer another destruction. Our knowledge of history during this period is extremely clear: the people responsible for this deed were the Romans, and Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed in year 70 C. E. Based upon this verse, it is also clear that the Messiah should have both come and died prior to the year 70 C.E. If such an event did not take place, then Daniel was a false prophet. If such an event did occur, then the question must be answered, who was that Messiah who was killed before 70 C.E.?

The third thing to take note of would be, "and even unto the end shall be war; desolations are determined." For the remainder of the interval between the 69th seven and the 70th seven, the land would be characterized by war, and its resulting condition would be desolation. All this would set the stage for the final, or 70th, seven.

The 70th Seven

Daniel 9:27

From where we stand in time today, the last seven years of Daniel's prophecy are still prophetic, still future, but it is with their conclusion that all six purposes of verse 24 will reach their fulfillment. The verse's main points are as follows: First, the 70th seven will begin only with the signing of a seven-year covenant or treaty between Israel and a major gentile political leader. Secondly, in the middle of that period, that is, after 3 1/2 years, this gentile leader will break his treaty with Israel and cause a cessation of the sacrificial system. The implication here is that by this time a temple in Jerusalem will have been rebuilt again and the sacrificial system of Moses re-instituted, but then will be forcefully ceased. Thirdly, the result of the breaking of this covenant is that the temple will now be abominated. The " abomination" refers to an image or an idol. As it was in the days of Antiochus Epiphanes, so it will be again in the future when a gentile ruler will abominate the temple by means of idolatry. Fourthly, the abomination is to be followed by wrath and desolation, persecution and warfare, for the remaining half of the 70th seven (the final 3 1/2 years). This is similar to the trials and tribulations the rabbis spoke of as preparation for the establishment of the messianic kingdom. These terrible days were referred to as "the footsteps of the Messiah." But once those days have run their course, the last three things predicted in verse 24 will occur: After this period the age of righteousness will be brought in, in which the most holy place will be anointed and every vision and prophecy be fulfilled. At this point the messianic kingdom for which the prophet Daniel yearned will be set up.

Obviously, the messianic kingdom requires the Messiah to rule as king. This means the Messiah will come after the 70th seven. Yet earlier Daniel stated that the Messiah would come and be killed after the 69th seven. This would appear to be a contradiction unless Daniel was speaking of two comings of the Messiah. The first time was to be after the 69th seven, when he would die a penal, substitutionary death for the sins of Israel and accomplish the first three purposes listed in verse 24. The second time was to be after the 70th seven (still future), when he will establish the messianic kingdom and accomplish the last three things of verse 24. There is also an important implication here that should not be missed. The Messiah would be killed after his first coming. Yet he would be alive at his second coming. The implication is that the Messiah would be resurrected from the dead after he was killed.


This dramatic prophecy features certain things in very clear and unmistakable terms. First, the Messiah was to be on earth 483 years after the decree to rebuild Jerusalem. Secondly, after his appearance on earth he was to be killed, not for his own sins, but rather for those of others; and the death he would die was to be the death of the penalty of the law. Thirdly, the death of the Messiah had to come sometime before Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed again, which occurred in the year 70 C. E. Fourthly, some time after the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, and following a long period of warfare, the 70th seven will commence, and once that has run its course, Messiah's kingdom and age of righteousness will be established. For that to occur, the implication is that the Messiah who was killed would return again.

But who is this Messiah? One man fulfills all that is required in this passage. Jesus of Nazareth was born into the Jewish world and proclaimed his messiahship 483 years after the decree to rebuild and restore Jerusalem was issued. In the year 30 C. E., Jesus was executed by crucifixion. Daniel indicated that he would be cut off, not for himself, but rather for others. Isaiah 53 also prophesied the death of the Messiah, pointing out that he would die a substitutionary death on behalf of his people Israel. The teaching of the New Covenant is that Jesus died a penal death by taking upon himself the penalty of the Law as a substitute for his people. In keepinng with Daniel 9:24, he died for the purpose of making an atonement for sins. Three days after his death, he was resurrected. Finally, the New Covenant proclaims the fact that he will someday return to set up his kingdom and the age of righteousness.

If Daniel was right, then Messiah came and died prior to the year 70 C.E. If Daniel was right, then there are no other options for who the Messiah is, but Jesus of Nazareth. If Daniel was right, this Jesus is destined to return and to set up the messianic kingdom.

Add comment

  • If your comment does not pertain to this specific article/blog please click here to send us a message. Comments not related to this article will not be posted.
  • We reserve the right to delete vulgar, racist, or hateful content, as well as inappropriate and off-topic posts.
  • Comments including links will not be published.
  • Multiple comments posted in a row will not be accepted.
  • Comments are moderated and will not appear immediately.




This timetable is astonishing. Anyone who does not believe in Jesus or has doubts about Jesus being the Messiah should read this immediately. I have read Daniel's Seventy "Weeks" prophecy, and I was completely confused by it. However, thanks to this thoroughly accurate interpretation, I have no more questions. Thank you Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum for an amazing analysis.


Well done. Excellent job of breaking down the scriptures in the book of Daniel. Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah. The proof is overwhelming if you dare to study. He is coming soon that I can hear the stomping of horses hoofs and the restless snorting of their breath as they dance in place with bridled uneasiness. Get ready boys and girls, it's almost here!

Link Alexis

Praise be to the one and only God, Triune in nature and the one who is the epitome of the word synonymous. This writing was divinely inspired by God. I would like to bring into question the missing element of the time-table and that is the Grace age. A lot of people believe that Jesus Christ returned 1844 because of their calculations of the 70 sevens. But I was wondering if they were wrong because of the pause of the time-clock due to the church-age and the Grace period. If as soon as the rapture occurs the time-clock will restart.


" A lot of people believe that Jesus Christ returned 1844 because of their calculations of the 70 sevens. "

Are you referring to the members of the Baha'i Faith who have come from a Christian background? I know it began in 1844--same year as many Christians (most famously Rev. William Miller) predicted that Christ would return. They based their predictions on their studies of the prophecies of Daniel--particularly the ones about 'the abomination of desolation' because Jesus had instructed us to do so (Matt 24:15) after the disciples asked Him about the time of His return (Matt 24:3).
Baha'is will often point out that their Faith began only about 300 miles from the place where Daniel received his prophecies, in Persia.
But the manner of that return was quite different from what the Christian community was expecting.


Onyia the high priest in the Maccabees lived about 169 BC, and the text is talking about a period of 69 weeks, and that means 483 years from the issuance of the order to renew Jerusalem and this was after back Ezra and Nehemiah the matter issued by Cyrus was only for building the temple, Beginning period about 458 BC, when we calculate the period of 483 years we get to 26 AD, so the text is not about Onyia the high priest also claimed Jews makes a big difference of 169 BC and 26 AD, Christ, who lived year 26 for the birth of Jesus, this Christ it was said about him messiah be cutoff , and Jesus was cutoff die on cross in the same period.

Priscilla cooksey

My bible study group is focusing on Daniel presently. I have found your article very helpful as an enhancement to our study. I look forward to reading further articles from your publication. I am Jewish and belong to an evangelical church. Therefore, I will continue to use your information to aid my assertion that Jesus of Nazareth is the true Messiah. Thank you, thank you!


If you could have been any clearer I don't know how. Thank you so very much. God Bless

augustine johnson

i suppose this prophecy of 70 sevens is one of my favorites along with isaiah 53 and Zechariah 12;10__so yes it does seem that Messiah Prince should come before the destruction of the 2nd temple__so along with alfred Edersheim__adolph Saphir__david Baron i think we can be confident that the Messiah of israel has already come and that His name is Yeshua , for he will save his people from their sins as the angel Gabriel said to the mother of messiah__shalom__aug ustine johnson in birmingham alabamaaaaaaaaa--usa

Kgomotso Pege

It's wonderful to see natural descendants of Abraham showing faith in their Messiah. I'm honored to witness this.


Questions now facing us are, how long a time between the 69th and 70th and do we(Christians) have to go through the last 3 1/2 or be raptured away?

Dennis Jenkins

Amen and Amen!


Where does the 1220 years fit into this?


What 1220 years are you referring to?


Interesting description. But it leaves me with a question: If the start date of Daniel's prophecy was 444 BC, then what of the 2300 days prophecy of the previous chapter (Daniel 8:14) and the abomination of desolation and cleansing of the sanctuary to which Jesus referred in Matt 24:15? That should have happened in about 1856 AD. I know that movement to re-establish the state of Israel had started by that time. But Jesus described it as the time of His return, in answer to the disciples question (Matthew 24:3). So.... where is He?

Matt Sieger

It is a reference to the events that occurred during the time of Antiochus Ephiphanes. Read this, specifically page 8:


Interesting, but it raises the question as to why days are interpreted as 24-hour periods in Daniel 8, while in the very next chapter, each "day" is a year i.e. 70 weeks = 490 years.


The prophetic time clock being paused ties in with a lot of other prophetic scripture and outright quotes by our Lord and King Jesus Christ, as well. Some are: That the Jews be regathered to Israel, happening for years now. That statehood would be declared, happened 1948. That Jerusalem be returned as the property of the Jews, happened 1967. That the desert would blossom. It is. (This also refers to the time after Christs return but indeed is currently true as well). That the goat nations would form in unison against Israel, current event. And Christ was very clear that even He does not know the hour of His return, but the Father only. It is also clear the "clock" will restart with the appearance of Antichrist, a welcomed world ruler. And the end time will be when God steps in to terminate him.
Rapture? I just pray Gods will be done. If I need to be here during great tribulation to share The Word with the lost, that's fine with me.
Even so come, Lord Jesus.

Mark Ryan

The 70th Seven - Daniel 9:27

'From where we stand in time today, the last seven years of Daniel's prophecy are still prophetic, still future' says Arnold Fruchtenbaum

This is a complete denial by Arnold Fruchtenbaum of the plain teaching in Daniel's prophecy that the last seven years took place immediately following the 483 years with no break in time.


You have completely miscalculated, because you are trying to say that "mashiach nogid" meand Jesus. That's impossible, because there are 2 Moshiach's in Daniel 9. Moshiach nogid means "annointed king" (not "the" annointed king, read the hebrew). Who was the annointed one of God that was also a king? Cyrus, see the book of Isaiah, where God says "Cyrus, you are my moshiach". That happened 52 years after the first temple was destroyed. That's your 7 weeks. Add 18 weeks of the subjugation and that's 70 years. The second temple stood for 420 years. So there's your 490 years. Start from the going forth of the word - what was the word? Ask yourself, why was Daniel so upset that he collapsed and prayed? He thought the law of Moses had come upon them - because that would increase punishment 7 fold! Gabriel says, the whole Second Temple period is part of the punishment. If someone wants, I can provide a very easy chart of how it works, and you will be amazed.

ivan huertas

If what you claim is true then explain why the dead of Cyrus does not fullfill with the profecy of Daniel neither are the counts of the years you produce.....
One thing I let you to think about is that Daniel is speaking about two comings of the Messiah......Our Lord Yeshua


Hi There,
I read your comment on the Jews for Jesus site regarding Daniel. I agree with you that it is not the Messiah that is mentioned in Daniel 9.
Please could you forward me the easy chart.
Thank you and Shalom

Messianic 37

If this is not the trinity of G-d, then explain what this passage is in Daniel…Shalom

Daniel 2.47 The king answered unto Daniel, and said, Of a truth it is, that your G-d is a G-d of gods, and a Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, seeing thou couldest reveal this secret.

Jallal Seyedian

I have more and more news to tell to u from all of Prophets.
Messiah had told before that he will tell the secrets at first in 2nd coming.I have more and more news to tell to u from all of Prophets too.

Timothy Wyatt

The correct "start" date is clear: When in doubt, simply read the text - it is not obscure: The start date is not from the commandment (which is GOD's commandment, issued through an earthly-kingly representative), but from "the going forth of" the commandment, i.e., it's EXECUTION. This, by Ezra. 483 years (69 weeks) from the execution of God's commandment (though earthly representatives) brings us to the appearance of Christ in his public ministry, baptized by John the Baptist. This commences, then, the final week of the 70, in the middle of which Messiah is cut off, and by the end of that week, Stephen is stoned, and the Jews are judicially sentenced, which sentence is then executed in less than a generation, as Christ foretold, in 70 A.D.

Larry Winnett

There are other ways to prove that JESUS of Nazareth is the Messiah. And that JESUS is resurrected from the dead. All you have to do is believe on the LORD JESUS CHRIST and believe that GOD THE FATHER sent HIM to die for our sin and JESUS will come and dwell in your heart. And it happened. I was born again of the HOLY SPIRIT and JESUS is now dwelling with me and so is THE FATHER and THE HOLY SPIRIT. This proves that JESUS is resurrected. A dead man cannot inhabit an individual's heart. If GOD THE FATHER and THE HOLY SPIRIT also came into my heart ( as JESUS said they would } this proves that JESUS is MESSIAH. GOD THE FATHER and GOD THE HOLY SPIRIT will not acknowledge a false Messiah and come to dwell with a false Messiah. And all who are born again as I was are witnesses with me that JESUS is resurrected and is Messiah. And that is a lot of witnesses. HALLELEUJAH !

sarpong prince

all what Daniel prophecies is just happening as we were told.latest of it all is Daniel 12:11,the abomination of the desolation which now gaysm and lesbianism are been taken to the alter to be blessed.Jesus Christ also said it in Matthew 24:15 so what I can say is that,now the world is playing its additional time.The referee can blow his whistle at any time.Americans supreme Court accepted gay and lesbians marriage,been the 21st country to accept every Christian for ye know not the hour when he shall come.

Jesus is my savior

I have one question can someone please help me on this one? So basically, the profecy of Daniel have been fulfilled up to the 69th week? And what that means is that time or the clock that we should be looking at is the decrees most importantly the decrees given by man but really God fulfilling his word thru man, of the rebuilding of the temple if u look at the profecies they all are based on the rebuilding of the temple an the 69th week stopes when the temple was destroyed, so is it accurate to say that the last week will began when the decree of the rebuilding of the Jewish temple for the 3rd and final time?

scott robinson

Basically correct! But if you study the current set up of islam on the temple mount then it will become abundantly clear that something major must happen to clear the way for the construction of tbe 3rd temple. Because of the presents of the muslims dome of the rock on the temple mount, it delays the 3rd construction untill it is removed.


Hi brother,
I don't know if you are acknowledged about the attempts to rebuilt the temple by romans themselves, in a special mention the attempt of the roman emperor Julian. Some supernatural power forbidden him multiple times to remove the old ruins of the wall, and many historians testimony about this.

scott robinson

Hello brother, no i did not know that nor had i ever heard or read it but i will research it for the knowledge. Thank you

scott robinson

Sarpong you are so far off that what your saying is just gibberish. The abomination of desolation is the antichrist going into the temple and declaring himself God. Has nothing to do with gay marriage. Homosexuality is just another sin no more then any other sin. Yes if a church allows it to happen at its alter it is a abomination but it is not the AOD!


This study is almost right and I learned from it, however it got off track on the last seven. The last 7 was the Messiah covenant. Yahshua's ( jesus ) ministry was for 3 1/2 years at which time he cut off "crucified" at the moment that happened several factors came into play the High priest torn his breast garment which by Torah he was to be killed which set up the Messiah Yahshua to be the only one to be able to become the High Priest at the same time he became the lamb and the red heifer to sanctify him as the High Priest also the temple curtain was ripped these two things officially ended the sacrificial service now that get us half way through the last seven that is where I am stuck have we been in this 3 1/2 year since the Messiah was cutoff for 2000 years after all church teaching which I can't trust has said the 2nd coming could happen anytime for 2000 years they have been saying that, but Paul said unless there be a great falling way this wouldn't happen


This comment has been deleted by Administrator


Thank you so much for this thorough explanation. It completely clarified the 70 sevens and gives great hope for the coming Messianic kingdom. I am grateful for your ministry and join you in prayer for the future of God's chosen people - both Jew and Gentile. May we continue to be diligent in spreading this message of salvation and hope.


As I told you before, I can't think of a superior and clearer explanation than yours in explaining that the 490 years of Daniel 9 are cut off from the times of the Gentiles. This confirms the understanding that the 2,300 years of Daniel 8:14 which also begin during the reign of the Medo-Persian empire, begin in Daniel 9 where the Sanctuary is built before the little horn desecrates it in Daniel 8. Are you aware that you can actually help the Jews see that the Angel of the Lord is the Messiah by showing that the Messiah in Daniel 9 is the same Prince of the Hosts in Daniel 8? The 2,300 years are of the Messiah. I hope one day you will see that.

Heaven's blessings


Beware of the Son of Perdition,
Who stood in my temple and claimed to be my equal .
He ascended into heaven with a desire to set his throne equal to mine .
The ancient one , whose deadly wound was healed .
He promised to grant mankind access to the tree of life ,
If they worshiped him .
He causes man to worship also the 'Queen of heaven'
They bake cakes to her , and drink of her wine .
Singing 'holy holy Mother of Heaven'
...Where then is the prize that he has promised you ?
You love him , but not me .
My temple is in ruins , my commandments you ignore.
And you have set me at nought and chosen another .
So go to your God ,and ask them to grant you life .
But do not come to me , for I am not your God ....and you are not my people .

Richard Heth

Thank you for this teaching. It brings great joy to my heart!


The Lord Jesus said: I have come to yours and yours was not receptive
How long Stantzeron that Christ is Lord of lords and King of kings Diane will come

Samuel Bostic

having a Muslim Mosque built on the Holiest piece of realestate in Jerusalem, would forever posion that land!!! The temple that stood, at the time of Jesus, was already, a house and den of thieves, and therefore unholy. The third temple has already, been rebuilt, with the resurrection of Jesus.. the timetable for the last 7 years, started with The U.S. Obamanation's, tour of the Middle East, excluding Israel, when he made a Covenant with Many, Islamic extremist, who overthrew, their Governments. When he visited Israel during his second term, he became the Obamanation that makes Desolate, standing where he should not be, started, the last 3 1/2 years... 2018


Amazing Amazing!!!!!!! Baruch haba B'shem Adonai!!!!!!!! Shalom

Suzy Andrews

Thank you for explaining the 70 weeks - really clear. I like the way you are not categoric and suggest possibilities in the paragraph dealing with the start of the 70 sevens. I cannot get my head around the break in the 490 say elsewhere if X hadn't happened Daniel would have been considered a false prophet - but the implication is that even if Y hasn't happened, he's still a prophet and therefore wait 2000-ish years for the 70th seven. Could it not be instead, that the Temple was Jesus Himself as He Himself said "destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up" Jn 2:9 and elsewhere? Can we not see this Messianic Kingdom co-existing with the fallen world until He returns?
Thank you.

Justina Ibe

Thank you for this analysis. This will help many to observe time and season, helping us to know that the coming of Christ is just at hand. We should not take this for granted rather we should prepare for the second coming of the Lord as a bride prepares to meet her groom. God bless us all, amen.


I thank God that I was born as a Christian.


Perhaps you mean, born again as a Christian. No one is born Christian, as we are all sinners. Each of us had to come to the knowledge that we are guilty of sin, dead in that sin, and that we need forgiveness, which is only thru faith in Jesus. At that moment, we become born again and are now alive in Christ. No one is born holy and justified before God. Thank God that we can be made a new creature in Christ and have all of our sin forgiven.


For there is none that is righteous, no NOT one.!!!
All our deeds are as filthy rags..We are all like sheep , gone astray, none righteous..No NOT ONE!
If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves.
Come let us reason together saith the Lord, Tho your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white as wool. Asking forgiveness and confession of guilt before a Holy God will bring salvation.
Our standard is our Master and Lord Jesus Christ. It is one of unattainable holiness only found in those who are hidden in Christ.Pursue Him!!If you want to know this Lord and Savior, I caution you, know that you are ready to lay down your own life and take up His.

Mick Hogan

A very interesting article. I am reminded of the Magi visiting the newborn Messiah in Mathew chapter 2. Clearly they had been studying the prophecies regarding the time of His coming.

matthew lipka

Excellent breakdown and explanation! This will be helpful background material for an upcoming class that I am teaching regarding the fulfillment of Messianic prophesy. Thank you for sharing!


Can you explain the 2,000 year gap between the destruction of the temple and the last week? when messiah returns, is there any biblical basis for such a large gap?

quote "some time after the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, and following a long period of warfare, the 70th seven will commence"


Matt Sieger

I think the author, Arnold Fruchtenbaum, explained his point of view on this topic pretty well in this article when he stated: "Obviously, the messianic kingdom requires the Messiah to rule as king. This means the Messiah will come after the 70th seven. Yet earlier Daniel stated that the Messiah would come and be killed after the 69th seven. This would appear to be a contradiction unless Daniel was speaking of two comings of the Messiah. The first time was to be after the 69th seven, when he would die a penal, substitutionary death for the sins of Israel and accomplish the first three purposes listed in verse 24. The second time was to be after the 70th seven (still future), when he will establish the messianic kingdom and accomplish the last three things of verse 24. There is also an important implication here that should not be missed. The Messiah would be killed after his first coming. Yet he would be alive at his second coming. The implication is that the Messiah would be resurrected from the dead after he was killed."

Matt Sieger

Also, Fruchtenbaum does not specify 2,000 years in this article. He does say that the 70th week is yet to start, but he does not say when.

Michael Link

Really enjoyed the article. One point that you didn't touch on but has been brought up by other commentaries is the relationship between the Daniel prophecies and the 3 wise men knowing the time of Jesus' birth.

It has been proposed that they were from Babylon and knew fully the prophesies of his prophesies. They discerned the coming Messiahs date of Birth and, of course, knew it would be in Bethlehem.

Do you have any opinion on this?

Matt Sieger

It is not clear that they knew the prophecy of Micah 5:2 (5:1 in the Hebrew Scriptures), since they followed the star at first to Jerusalem and had to ask where the Messiah was. It was the chief priest and scribes who then informed Herod as well as the wise men of that specific prophecy. However, they certainly seemed to know Daniel's prophecy about the time of Messiah's coming. Here is a good explanation by Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum:

"From the New Testament account, all that can be deduced is the fact that Gentile Babylonian astrologers somehow knew that the birth of the King of the Jews had taken place by means of a star like shining brilliance in the heavens that moved from east to west and hovered over the very house where Yeshua was. For the answer to this question, one must look to the Old Testament. To begin with, the only place in the entire Old Testament that dates the Messiah’s coming is the famous Seventy Sevens or weeks of Daniel, found in Daniel 9:24-27. The Book of Daniel was not written in Israel, but in the city of
Babylon. Much of it was written in Aramaic, the language of the Babylonian Empire. So it was in the city of Babylon that a book was written that prophesied when the Messiah was to come. Furthermore, Daniel was closely associated with Babylonian astrologers (Daniel 1:19-20; 2:12-13, 47; 4:7-9; 5:11- 12). When King Nebuchadnezzar had an unusual dream, his astrologers were unable to interpret his dream. He sentenced
every one of them to execution. Among those arrested were Daniel and his three friends because, from the viewpoint of the Babylonians, these four Hebrews were part of the Babylonian School of Astrology and, therefore, were to be executed. However, Daniel was able to request and receive an audience with the king. After the audience, Daniel did interpret King Nebuchadnezzar’s dream. By interpreting that dream, he saved
the lives of all the other astrologers. Nebuchadnezzar, not having much spiritual discernment, did not realize that the source of Daniel’s ability was not the stars of the heavens, but the God who created the stars of the
heavens. Nevertheless, Nebuchadnezzar made Daniel head of all the astrologers of Babylon. It was in this environment and in this company that Daniel penned his book, revealing the time of the Messiah’s coming. Since Daniel saved their lives as well as becoming their head, there is little doubt that he was able to lead many of them to a saving knowledge of the God of Israel. A number of these astrologers turned away from the worship of the stars to the worship of the God of Israel who made the stars. So a line of Babylonian astrologers from generation to generation worshiped the true God and, having Daniel’s prophecy, and looked forward to the coming of the King of the Jews. From the Book of Daniel, then, one can conclude that
Babylonian astrologers did know about what time the Messiah was to be born. However, the Book of Daniel says nothing about a star that would in some way announce the Messiah’s birth. So how, then, did the astrologers know anything about a star? For the answer to this question, one must go back even earlier in the Old Testament to the prophecies of Balaam, who was hired by the king of Moab to curse the Jews. Four
times he tried to curse them, but each time God took over his mouth. Instead of cursing the Jews, he ended up blessing them. In the course of his blessings of the Jews, he came forth with four key Messianic prophecies. One of these prophecies is found in Numbers 24:17: "I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not nigh: There shall come forth a star out of Jacob, And a sceptre shall rise out of Israel, And shall smite through the corners of Moab, And break down all the sons of tumult." Balaam, much to his own reluctance and regret, was forced by God to prophesy of the coming of the Jewish Messiah and he related that to a star. This is not a literal star because this passage further states concerning this star: "And a sceptre shall rise out of Israel." The “star” and the “sceptre” are one and the same. Remember that the term “sceptre” is a symbol of royalty or kingship. This star that would rise out of Jacob is a king. Furthermore, Balaam was an astrologer. Even more significant was the fact that he came from the city of Pethor, a city on the banks of the Euphrates River in Babylonia (Num. 22:5; Deut. 23:4). So there is a double Babylonian connection here. There is, of course, the Book of Daniel, which spelled out how many years would transpire before the birth of the King of the Jews; but then there is the prophecy of Balaam concerning the star and, again, Balaam was part of the Babylonian School of Astrology. Hence, the revelation of a star in relation to the Messiah’s birth came by way of a Babylonian astrologer who, no doubt, passed the information down to his colleagues. Centuries later, Daniel was able to expound to the Babylonian astrologers as to the time that a star out of Jacob would come." (Ariel Ministries Magazine, Fall 2011, Volume 1, Number 2, pages 10-11).
Issues Email Signup
Get Issues Magazine in your inbox. Sign up below!

Are you Jewish?

Do you believe in Jesus?

Issues Editions